Sensors 2013, 13(7), 9029-9046; doi:10.3390/s130709029
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Microarray Dot Electrodes Utilizing Dielectrophoresis for Cell Characterization

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Received: 7 May 2013; in revised form: 30 May 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 12 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultramicroelectrode Electrochemistry - Theory and Applications)
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Abstract: During the last three decades; dielectrophoresis (DEP) has become a vital tool for cell manipulation and characterization due to its non-invasiveness. It is very useful in the trend towards point-of-care systems. Currently, most efforts are focused on using DEP in biomedical applications, such as the spatial manipulation of cells, the selective separation or enrichment of target cells, high-throughput molecular screening, biosensors and immunoassays. A significant amount of research on DEP has produced a wide range of microelectrode configurations. In this paper; we describe the microarray dot electrode, a promising electrode geometry to characterize and manipulate cells via DEP. The advantages offered by this type of microelectrode are also reviewed. The protocol for fabricating planar microelectrodes using photolithography is documented to demonstrate the fast and cost-effective fabrication process. Additionally; different state-of-the-art Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) devices that have been proposed for DEP applications in the literature are reviewed. We also present our recently designed LOC device, which uses an improved microarray dot electrode configuration to address the challenges facing other devices. This type of LOC system has the capability to boost the implementation of DEP technology in practical settings such as clinical cell sorting, infection diagnosis, and enrichment of particle populations for drug development.
Keywords: dielectrophoresis; Lab-on-a-Chip; dot electrode; BioMEMS; particle manipulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yafouz, B.; Kadri, N.A.; Ibrahim, F. Microarray Dot Electrodes Utilizing Dielectrophoresis for Cell Characterization. Sensors 2013, 13, 9029-9046.

AMA Style

Yafouz B, Kadri NA, Ibrahim F. Microarray Dot Electrodes Utilizing Dielectrophoresis for Cell Characterization. Sensors. 2013; 13(7):9029-9046.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yafouz, Bashar; Kadri, Nahrizul A.; Ibrahim, Fatimah. 2013. "Microarray Dot Electrodes Utilizing Dielectrophoresis for Cell Characterization." Sensors 13, no. 7: 9029-9046.


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