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Sensors 2013, 13(6), 6946-6956; doi:10.3390/s130606946

Detection of Fibrinogen and Coagulation Factor VIII in Plasma by a Quartz Crystal Microbalance Biosensor

1,†,* , 2,†
1 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Southwest Hospital, the Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China 2 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2012 / Revised: 12 May 2013 / Accepted: 18 May 2013 / Published: 24 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
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A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) biosensor with nanogram sensitivity has been constructed through a reasonable designing and biological processing of the piezoelectric quartz crystals. Due to its highly sensitivity, real time detection and low cost, the proposed QCM biosensor has a promising potential in blood coagulation research. In the current study, the QCM biosensor was used to determine the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) for 120 anticoagulated plasma specimens. A good linear relationship was found in a double-logarithmic plot of APTT versus fibrinogen concentration in the range of 1.58–6.30 g/L. For factor VIII, the detection range by the QCM biosensor is 0.0185–0.111 mg/L. The QCM biosensor results were compared with those obtained by commercial optical coagulometry and a good agreement (correlation coefficient is 0.949 for fibrinogen, and 0.948 for factor VIII) was reached. Furthermore, the QCM determination can be completed within 10 min. Our study suggested that the proposed QCM biosensor could provide for more convenient and time saving operations, which may be useful in clinical situations for rapid monitoring of anticoagulant therapy using small volume (20 μL) plasma specimens.
Keywords: fibrinogen; coagulation factor VIII; quartz crystal microbalance; biosensor fibrinogen; coagulation factor VIII; quartz crystal microbalance; biosensor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Yao, C.; Qu, L.; Fu, W. Detection of Fibrinogen and Coagulation Factor VIII in Plasma by a Quartz Crystal Microbalance Biosensor. Sensors 2013, 13, 6946-6956.

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