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Sensors 2013, 13(5), 6295-6318; doi:10.3390/s130506295
Article

WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs

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Received: 12 April 2013; in revised form: 8 May 2013 / Accepted: 8 May 2013 / Published: 13 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: Reliable source to sink communication is the most important factor for an efficient routing protocol especially in domains of military, healthcare and disaster recovery applications. We present weighted energy aware multipath reliable routing (WEAMR), a novel energy aware multipath routing protocol which utilizes hotline-assisted routing to meet such requirements for mission critical applications. The protocol reduces the number of average hops from source to destination and provides unmatched reliability as compared to well known reactive ad hoc protocols i.e., AODV and AOMDV. Our protocol makes efficient use of network paths based on weighted cost calculation and intelligently selects the best possible paths for data transmissions. The path cost calculation considers end to end number of hops, latency and minimum energy node value in the path. In case of path failure path recalculation is done efficiently with minimum latency and control packets overhead. Our evaluation shows that our proposal provides better end-to-end delivery with less routing overhead and higher packet delivery success ratio compared to AODV and AOMDV. The use of multipath also increases overall life time of WSN network using optimum energy available paths between sender and receiver in WDNs.
Keywords: wireless sensor network (WSN); sensor nodes; reliability; backbone routers wireless sensor network (WSN); sensor nodes; reliability; backbone routers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tufail, A.; Qamar, A.; Khan, A.M.; Baig, W.A.; Kim, K.-H. WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs. Sensors 2013, 13, 6295-6318.

AMA Style

Tufail A, Qamar A, Khan AM, Baig WA, Kim K-H. WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs. Sensors. 2013; 13(5):6295-6318.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tufail, Ali; Qamar, Arslan; Khan, Adil M.; Baig, Waleed A.; Kim, Ki-Hyung. 2013. "WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs." Sensors 13, no. 5: 6295-6318.


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