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Process Mining for Individualized Behavior Modeling Using Wireless Tracking in Nursing Homes
Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Aplicaciones de las Tecnologías de la Información y de las Comunicaciones Avanzadas (ITACA). Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera S/N, Valencia 46022, Spain
Unidad Mixta de Reingeniería de Procesos Sociosanitarios (eRPSS), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Bulevar Sur S/N, Valencia 46026, Spain
Instituto Tecnológico de Informática (ITI), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera S/N, Valencia 46022, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2013; in revised form: 30 October 2013 / Accepted: 4 November 2013 / Published: 11 November 2013
Abstract: The analysis of human behavior patterns is increasingly used for several research fields. The individualized modeling of behavior using classical techniques requires too much time and resources to be effective. A possible solution would be the use of pattern recognition techniques to automatically infer models to allow experts to understand individual behavior. However, traditional pattern recognition algorithms infer models that are not readily understood by human experts. This limits the capacity to benefit from the inferred models. Process mining technologies can infer models as workflows, specifically designed to be understood by experts, enabling them to detect specific behavior patterns in users. In this paper, the eMotiva process mining algorithms are presented. These algorithms filter, infer and visualize workflows. The workflows are inferred from the samples produced by an indoor location system that stores the location of a resident in a nursing home. The visualization tool is able to compare and highlight behavior patterns in order to facilitate expert understanding of human behavior. This tool was tested with nine real users that were monitored for a 25-week period. The results achieved suggest that the behavior of users is continuously evolving and changing and that this change can be measured, allowing for behavioral change detection.
Keywords: process mining; individualized behavior modeling; ambient assisted living; ILS processing
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MDPI and ACS Style
Fernández-Llatas, C.; Benedi, J.-M.; García-Gómez, J.M.; Traver, V. Process Mining for Individualized Behavior Modeling Using Wireless Tracking in Nursing Homes. Sensors 2013, 13, 15434-15451.
Fernández-Llatas C, Benedi J-M, García-Gómez JM, Traver V. Process Mining for Individualized Behavior Modeling Using Wireless Tracking in Nursing Homes. Sensors. 2013; 13(11):15434-15451.
Fernández-Llatas, Carlos; Benedi, José-Miguel; García-Gómez, Juan M.; Traver, Vicente. 2013. "Process Mining for Individualized Behavior Modeling Using Wireless Tracking in Nursing Homes." Sensors 13, no. 11: 15434-15451.