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Potential Application of Electronic Olfaction Systems in Feedstuffs Analysis and Animal Nutrition
Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, Milan 20133, Italy
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Received: 2 September 2013; in revised form: 19 October 2013 / Accepted: 20 October 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013
Abstract: Electronic Olfaction Systems (EOSs) based on a variety of gas-sensing technologies have been developed to simulate in a simplified manner animal olfactory sensing systems. EOSs have been successfully applied to many applications and fields, including food technology and agriculture. Less information is available for EOS applications in the feed technology and animal nutrition sectors. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), which are derived from both forages and concentrate ingredients of farm animal rations, are considered and described in this review as olfactory markers for feedstock quality and safety evaluation. EOS applications to detect VOCs from feedstuffs (as analytical matrices) are described, and some future scenarios are hypothesised. Furthermore, some EOS applications in animal feeding behaviour and organoleptic feed assessment are also described.
Keywords: feedstuff analysis; animal nutrition; feedstuff volatile compounds; electronic odour sensing systems
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Campagnoli, A.; Dell'Orto, V. Potential Application of Electronic Olfaction Systems in Feedstuffs Analysis and Animal Nutrition. Sensors 2013, 13, 14611-14632.
Campagnoli A, Dell'Orto V. Potential Application of Electronic Olfaction Systems in Feedstuffs Analysis and Animal Nutrition. Sensors. 2013; 13(11):14611-14632.
Campagnoli, Anna; Dell'Orto, Vittorio. 2013. "Potential Application of Electronic Olfaction Systems in Feedstuffs Analysis and Animal Nutrition." Sensors 13, no. 11: 14611-14632.