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Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2012; in revised form: 6 August 2012 / Accepted: 16 August 2012 / Published: 24 August 2012
Abstract: The aim of the present work was to develop a method based on image analysis for describing soil detachment caused by the impact of a single water drop. The method consisted of recording tracks made by splashed particles on blotting paper under an optical microscope. The analysis facilitated division of the recorded particle tracks on the paper into drops, “comets” and single particles. Additionally, the following relationships were determined: (i) the distances of splash; (ii) the surface areas of splash tracks into relation to distance; (iii) the surface areas of the solid phase transported over a given distance; and (iv) the ratio of the solid phase to the splash track area in relation to distance. Furthermore, the proposed method allowed estimation of the weight of soil transported by a single water drop splash in relation to the distance of the water drop impact. It was concluded that the method of image analysis of splashed particles facilitated analysing the results at very low water drop energy and generated by single water drops.
Keywords: soil detachment measurement; splash; image analysis; single water drop
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ryżak, M.; Bieganowski, A. Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact. Sensors 2012, 12, 11527-11543.
Ryżak M, Bieganowski A. Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact. Sensors. 2012; 12(9):11527-11543.
Ryżak, Magdalena; Bieganowski, Andrzej. 2012. "Using the Image Analysis Method for Describing Soil Detachment by a Single Water Drop Impact." Sensors 12, no. 9: 11527-11543.