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Sensors 2012, 12(8), 10964-10979; doi:10.3390/s120810964
Article

The Combined Application of Impinger System and Permeation Tube for the Generation of Volatile Organic Compound Standard Gas Mixtures at Varying Diluent Flow Rates

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Received: 21 May 2012; in revised form: 13 July 2012 / Accepted: 2 August 2012 / Published: 8 August 2012
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Abstract: Commercial standard gas generators are often complex and expensive devices. The objective of this research was to assess the performance of a simplified glass impinger system for standard gas generation from a permeation tube (PT) device. The performance of the impinger standard gas generation system was assessed for four aromatic VOCs (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and m-xylene; BTEX) at varying flow rates (FR) of 50 to 800 mL·min−1. Because actual permeation rate (APR) values deviated from those computed by the manufacturer’s formula (MPR), new empirical relationships were developed to derive the predicted PR (PPR) of the target components. Experimental results corrected by such a formula indicate that the compatibility between the APR and MPR generally increased with low FR, while the reproducibility was generally reduced with decreasing flow rate. Although compatibility between different PRs is at a relatively small and narrow FR range, the use of correction formula is recommendable for the accurate use of PT.
Keywords: impinge; permeation; benzene; toluene; ethylbenzene; xylene impinge; permeation; benzene; toluene; ethylbenzene; xylene
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.-H.; Susaya, J.; Cho, J.; Parker, D. The Combined Application of Impinger System and Permeation Tube for the Generation of Volatile Organic Compound Standard Gas Mixtures at Varying Diluent Flow Rates. Sensors 2012, 12, 10964-10979.

AMA Style

Kim K-H, Susaya J, Cho J, Parker D. The Combined Application of Impinger System and Permeation Tube for the Generation of Volatile Organic Compound Standard Gas Mixtures at Varying Diluent Flow Rates. Sensors. 2012; 12(8):10964-10979.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Ki-Hyun; Susaya, Janice; Cho, Jinwoo; Parker, David. 2012. "The Combined Application of Impinger System and Permeation Tube for the Generation of Volatile Organic Compound Standard Gas Mixtures at Varying Diluent Flow Rates." Sensors 12, no. 8: 10964-10979.



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