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Sensors 2012, 12(8), 10759-10773; doi:10.3390/s120810759

Sensing Free Sulfur Dioxide in Wine

Institute for Photonics & Advanced Sensing and School of Chemistry & Physics, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2012 / Revised: 24 July 2012 / Accepted: 25 July 2012 / Published: 6 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is important in the winemaking process as it aids in preventing microbial growth and the oxidation of wine. These processes and others consume the SO2 over time, resulting in wines with little SO2 protection. Furthermore, SO2 and sulfiting agents are known to be allergens to many individuals and for that reason their levels need to be monitored and regulated in final wine products. Many of the current techniques for monitoring SO2 in wine require the SO2 to be separated from the wine prior to analysis. This investigation demonstrates a technique capable of measuring free sulfite concentrations in low volume liquid samples in white wine. This approach adapts a known colorimetric reaction to a suspended core optical fiber sensing platform, and exploits the interaction between guided light located within the fiber voids and a mixture of the wine sample and a colorimetric analyte. We have shown that this technique enables measurements to be made without dilution of the wine samples, thus paving the way towards real time in situ wine monitoring.
Keywords: sulfur dioxide; potassium (sodium) metabisulfite; wine; microstructured optical fiber; sensors; wine sensing; pararosaniline sulfur dioxide; potassium (sodium) metabisulfite; wine; microstructured optical fiber; sensors; wine sensing; pararosaniline

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Monro, T.M.; Moore, R.L.; Nguyen, M.-C.; Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.; Skouroumounis, G.K.; Elsey, G.M.; Taylor, D.K. Sensing Free Sulfur Dioxide in Wine. Sensors 2012, 12, 10759-10773.

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