Sensors 2012, 12(6), 8157-8175; doi:10.3390/s120608157
Article

Improved Iterative Calibration for Triaxial Accelerometers Based on the Optimal Observation

College of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 April 2012; in revised form: 25 May 2012 / Accepted: 31 May 2012 / Published: 12 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: This paper presents an improved iterative nonlinear calibration method in the gravitational field for both low-grade and high-grade triaxial accelerometers. This calibration method assumes the probability density function of a Gaussian distribution for the raw outputs of triaxial accelerometers. A nonlinear criterion function is derived as the maximum likelihood estimation for the calibration parameters and inclination vectors, which is solved by the iterative estimation. First, the calibration parameters, including the scale factors, misalignments, biases and squared coefficients are estimated by the linear least squares method according to the multi-position raw outputs of triaxial accelerometers and the initial inclination vectors. Second, the sequence quadric program method is utilized to solve the nonlinear constrained optimization to update the inclination vectors according to the estimated calibration parameters and raw outputs of the triaxial accelerometers. The initial inclination vectors are supplied by normalizing raw outputs of triaxial accelerometers at different positions without any a priori knowledge. To overcome the imperfections of models, the optimal observation scheme is designed according to some maximum sensitivity principle. Simulation and experiments show good estimation accuracy for calibration parameters and inclination vectors.
Keywords: triaxial accelerometers; maximum likelihood estimation; iterative calibration; nonlinear; optimization

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, J.; Wu, W.; Wu, Y.; Lian, J. Improved Iterative Calibration for Triaxial Accelerometers Based on the Optimal Observation. Sensors 2012, 12, 8157-8175.

AMA Style

Yang J, Wu W, Wu Y, Lian J. Improved Iterative Calibration for Triaxial Accelerometers Based on the Optimal Observation. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):8157-8175.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Jie; Wu, Wenqi; Wu, Yuanxin; Lian, Junxiang. 2012. "Improved Iterative Calibration for Triaxial Accelerometers Based on the Optimal Observation." Sensors 12, no. 6: 8157-8175.

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