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Sensors 2012, 12(6), 7299-7317; doi:10.3390/s120607299
Article

The Camera Itself as a Calibration Pattern: A Novel Self-Calibration Method for Non-Central Catadioptric Cameras

1,2,* , 2
 and 2
Received: 30 April 2012; in revised form: 14 May 2012 / Accepted: 14 May 2012 / Published: 30 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: A novel and practical self-calibration method for misaligned non-central catadioptric cameras is proposed in this paper. Without the aid of any special calibration patterns in the scene, the developed method is able to automatically estimate the pose parameters of the mirror with respect to the perspective camera. First it uses the ellipse corresponding to the mirror boundary in the image to compute the possible solutions for mirror postures. With two pose candidates, thereafter we propose a novel selection method to find the correct solution by using the image of the lens boundary. The whole calibration process is automatic and convenient to carry out since nothing more than a single image acquired from the catadioptric camera is needed. Experimental results both on synthesized and real images prove our success.
Keywords: non-central catadioptric camera; self-calibration; mirror posture; mirror boundary; lens boundary non-central catadioptric camera; self-calibration; mirror posture; mirror boundary; lens boundary
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xiang, Z.; Sun, B.; Dai, X. The Camera Itself as a Calibration Pattern: A Novel Self-Calibration Method for Non-Central Catadioptric Cameras. Sensors 2012, 12, 7299-7317.

AMA Style

Xiang Z, Sun B, Dai X. The Camera Itself as a Calibration Pattern: A Novel Self-Calibration Method for Non-Central Catadioptric Cameras. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7299-7317.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xiang, Zhiyu; Sun, Bo; Dai, Xing. 2012. "The Camera Itself as a Calibration Pattern: A Novel Self-Calibration Method for Non-Central Catadioptric Cameras." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7299-7317.



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