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Sensors 2012, 12(5), 6727-6745; doi:10.3390/s120506727

Development of a Voice Activity Controlled Noise Canceller

†,* ,
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Malaysia Current address: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Linton University College, Mantin, 71700, Malaysia.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 March 2012 / Revised: 24 April 2012 / Accepted: 26 April 2012 / Published: 22 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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In this paper, a variable threshold voice activity detector (VAD) is developed to control the operation of a two-sensor adaptive noise canceller (ANC). The VAD prohibits the reference input of the ANC from containing some strength of actual speech signal during adaptation periods. The novelty of this approach resides in using the residual output from the noise canceller to control the decisions made by the VAD. Thresholds of full-band energy and zero-crossing features are adjusted according to the residual output of the adaptive filter. Performance evaluation of the proposed approach is quoted in terms of signal to noise ratio improvements as well mean square error (MSE) convergence of the ANC. The new approach showed an improved noise cancellation performance when tested under several types of environmental noise. Furthermore, the computational power of the adaptive process is reduced since the output of the adaptive filter is efficiently calculated only during non-speech periods.
Keywords: voice activity detector; adaptive noise canceller; threshold adjustment voice activity detector; adaptive noise canceller; threshold adjustment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Noor, A.O.A.; Samad, S.A.; Hussain, A. Development of a Voice Activity Controlled Noise Canceller. Sensors 2012, 12, 6727-6745.

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