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Inertial Sensor-Based Methods in Walking Speed Estimation: A Systematic Review
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2012; in revised form: 26 April 2012 / Accepted: 29 April 2012 / Published: 10 May 2012
Abstract: Self-selected walking speed is an important measure of ambulation ability used in various clinical gait experiments. Inertial sensors, i.e., accelerometers and gyroscopes, have been gradually introduced to estimate walking speed. This research area has attracted a lot of attention for the past two decades, and the trend is continuing due to the improvement of performance and decrease in cost of the miniature inertial sensors. With the intention of understanding the state of the art of current development in this area, a systematic review on the exiting methods was done in the following electronic engines/databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, SportDiscus and IEEE Xplore. Sixteen journal articles and papers in proceedings focusing on inertial sensor based walking speed estimation were fully reviewed. The existing methods were categorized by sensor specification, sensor attachment location, experimental design, and walking speed estimation algorithm.
Keywords: walking speed; ambulatory; spatio-temporal parameters; biomechanics; inertial sensors; gait segmentation; review
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Yang, S.; Li, Q. Inertial Sensor-Based Methods in Walking Speed Estimation: A Systematic Review. Sensors 2012, 12, 6102-6116.
Yang S, Li Q. Inertial Sensor-Based Methods in Walking Speed Estimation: A Systematic Review. Sensors. 2012; 12(5):6102-6116.
Yang, Shuozhi; Li, Qingguo. 2012. "Inertial Sensor-Based Methods in Walking Speed Estimation: A Systematic Review." Sensors 12, no. 5: 6102-6116.