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Redox Potential as a Means to Control the Treatment of Slurry to Lower H2S Emissions
Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Research Centre Foulum, Blichers Allé 20, 8830 Tjele, Denmark
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2012; in revised form: 10 April 2012 / Accepted: 10 April 2012 / Published: 26 April 2012
Abstract: Slurry can be oxidized to eliminate undesirable emissions, including malodorous hydrogen sulfide (H2S). However, it is difficult to assess the optimal amount of oxidizing agent required. In this study, one cow and one pig manure, each in three particle size ranges were oxidized with 0–350 mg ozone/L manure. Redox and H2S concentration were measured continuously. During ozonation the manures gave equivalent redox potential curves. A relatively rapid rise in redox potential was observed within a range of −275 mV to −10 mV, with all manures changing as a minimum from −200 mV to −80 mV. The gaseous H2S emissions were decreased by 99.5% during the redox increase (−200 mV to −80 mV). This is attributed to H2S oxidation by ozone and oxygen, and is not due to H2S deprotonation or gas flushing. By identifying the initiation of the final redox level following the rise, the amount of ozone required to remove H2S from the manure samples was estimated to be in the range of 6–24 mg O3/L manure, depending on the type of manure. Hence, continuous monitoring of redox potential (termination of the redox rise) during the oxidation treatment is a simple method of achieving cost-effective minimization of H2S emissions from slurry.
Keywords: animal manure; hydrogen sulfide; nitrogen; odor; ORP; oxidation curve; oxygen; ozone
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Hjorth, M.; Pedersen, C.Ø.; Feilberg, A. Redox Potential as a Means to Control the Treatment of Slurry to Lower H2S Emissions. Sensors 2012, 12, 5349-5362.
Hjorth M, Pedersen CØ, Feilberg A. Redox Potential as a Means to Control the Treatment of Slurry to Lower H2S Emissions. Sensors. 2012; 12(5):5349-5362.
Hjorth, Maibritt; Pedersen, Christina Ø.; Feilberg, Anders. 2012. "Redox Potential as a Means to Control the Treatment of Slurry to Lower H2S Emissions." Sensors 12, no. 5: 5349-5362.