Sensors 2012, 12(4), 5005-5027; doi:10.3390/s120405005
Review

Visualizing Sweetness: Increasingly Diverse Applications for Fluorescent-Tagged Glucose Bioprobes and Their Recent Structural Modifications

Received: 28 February 2012; in revised form: 3 April 2012 / Accepted: 9 April 2012 / Published: 18 April 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Glucose homeostasis is a fundamental aspect of life and its dysregulation is associated with important diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Traditionally, glucose radioisotopes have been used to monitor glucose utilization in biological systems. Fluorescent-tagged glucose analogues were initially developed in the 1980s, but it is only in the past decade that their use as a glucose sensor has increased significantly. These analogues were developed for monitoring glucose uptake in blood cells, but their recent applications include tracking glucose uptake by tumor cells and imaging brain cell metabolism. This review outlines the development of fluorescent-tagged glucose analogues, describes their recent structural modifications and discusses their increasingly diverse biological applications.
Keywords: glucose homeostasis; fluorescent-tagged glucose; bioprobe; bioimaging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, W.H.; Lee, J.; Jung, D.-W.; Williams, D.R. Visualizing Sweetness: Increasingly Diverse Applications for Fluorescent-Tagged Glucose Bioprobes and Their Recent Structural Modifications. Sensors 2012, 12, 5005-5027.

AMA Style

Kim WH, Lee J, Jung D-W, Williams DR. Visualizing Sweetness: Increasingly Diverse Applications for Fluorescent-Tagged Glucose Bioprobes and Their Recent Structural Modifications. Sensors. 2012; 12(4):5005-5027.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Woong Hee; Lee, Jinho; Jung, Da-Woon; Williams, Darren R. 2012. "Visualizing Sweetness: Increasingly Diverse Applications for Fluorescent-Tagged Glucose Bioprobes and Their Recent Structural Modifications." Sensors 12, no. 4: 5005-5027.

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