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Sensors 2012, 12(11), 15873-15887; doi:10.3390/s121115873
Article

Two Dimensional Array of Piezoresistive Nanomechanical Membrane-Type Surface Stress Sensor (MSS) with Improved Sensitivity

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Received: 10 September 2012; in revised form: 5 November 2012 / Accepted: 12 November 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transducer Systems)
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Abstract: We present a new generation of piezoresistive nanomechanical Membrane-type Surface stress Sensor (MSS) chips, which consist of a two dimensional array of MSS on a single chip. The implementation of several optimization techniques in the design and microfabrication improved the piezoresistive sensitivity by 3~4 times compared to the first generation MSS chip, resulting in a sensitivity about ~100 times better than a standard cantilever-type sensor and a few times better than optical read-out methods in terms of experimental signal-to-noise ratio. Since the integrated piezoresistive read-out of the MSS can meet practical requirements, such as compactness and not requiring bulky and expensive peripheral devices, the MSS is a promising transducer for nanomechanical sensing in the rapidly growing application fields in medicine, biology, security, and the environment. Specifically, its system compactness due to the integrated piezoresistive sensing makes the MSS concept attractive for the instruments used in mobile applications. In addition, the MSS can operate in opaque liquids, such as blood, where optical read-out techniques cannot be applied.
Keywords: Membrane-type Surface stress Sensor (MSS); nanomechanical sensors; piezoresistive; MEMS/NEMS Membrane-type Surface stress Sensor (MSS); nanomechanical sensors; piezoresistive; MEMS/NEMS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoshikawa, G.; Akiyama, T.; Loizeau, F.; Shiba, K.; Gautsch, S.; Nakayama, T.; Vettiger, P.; Rooij, N.F.; Aono, M. Two Dimensional Array of Piezoresistive Nanomechanical Membrane-Type Surface Stress Sensor (MSS) with Improved Sensitivity. Sensors 2012, 12, 15873-15887.

AMA Style

Yoshikawa G, Akiyama T, Loizeau F, Shiba K, Gautsch S, Nakayama T, Vettiger P, Rooij NF, Aono M. Two Dimensional Array of Piezoresistive Nanomechanical Membrane-Type Surface Stress Sensor (MSS) with Improved Sensitivity. Sensors. 2012; 12(11):15873-15887.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoshikawa, Genki; Akiyama, Terunobu; Loizeau, Frederic; Shiba, Kota; Gautsch, Sebastian; Nakayama, Tomonobu; Vettiger, Peter; Rooij, Nico F.; Aono, Masakazu. 2012. "Two Dimensional Array of Piezoresistive Nanomechanical Membrane-Type Surface Stress Sensor (MSS) with Improved Sensitivity." Sensors 12, no. 11: 15873-15887.



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