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Sensors 2012, 12(11), 14792-14820; doi:10.3390/s121114792
Review

Modern Micro and Nanoparticle-Based Imaging Techniques

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Received: 17 September 2012; in revised form: 18 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 2 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The requirements for early diagnostics as well as effective treatment of insidious diseases such as cancer constantly increase the pressure on development of efficient and reliable methods for targeted drug/gene delivery as well as imaging of the treatment success/failure. One of the most recent approaches covering both the drug delivery as well as the imaging aspects is benefitting from the unique properties of nanomaterials. Therefore a new field called nanomedicine is attracting continuously growing attention. Nanoparticles, including fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots) and magnetic nanoparticles, have proven their excellent properties for in vivo imaging techniques in a number of modalities such as magnetic resonance and fluorescence imaging, respectively. In this article, we review the main properties and applications of nanoparticles in various in vitro imaging techniques, including microscopy and/or laser breakdown spectroscopy and in vivo methods such as magnetic resonance imaging and/or fluorescence-based imaging. Moreover the advantages of the drug delivery performed by nanocarriers such as iron oxides, gold, biodegradable polymers, dendrimers, lipid based carriers such as liposomes or micelles are also highlighted.
Keywords: imaging techniques; nanoparticles; fluorescence; magnetic resonance imaging imaging techniques; nanoparticles; fluorescence; magnetic resonance imaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ryvolova, M.; Chomoucka, J.; Drbohlavova, J.; Kopel, P.; Babula, P.; Hynek, D.; Adam, V.; Eckschlager, T.; Hubalek, J.; Stiborova, M.; Kaiser, J.; Kizek, R. Modern Micro and Nanoparticle-Based Imaging Techniques. Sensors 2012, 12, 14792-14820.

AMA Style

Ryvolova M, Chomoucka J, Drbohlavova J, Kopel P, Babula P, Hynek D, Adam V, Eckschlager T, Hubalek J, Stiborova M, Kaiser J, Kizek R. Modern Micro and Nanoparticle-Based Imaging Techniques. Sensors. 2012; 12(11):14792-14820.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ryvolova, Marketa; Chomoucka, Jana; Drbohlavova, Jana; Kopel, Pavel; Babula, Petr; Hynek, David; Adam, Vojtech; Eckschlager, Tomas; Hubalek, Jaromir; Stiborova, Marie; Kaiser, Jozef; Kizek, Rene. 2012. "Modern Micro and Nanoparticle-Based Imaging Techniques." Sensors 12, no. 11: 14792-14820.


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