Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Sensors 2012, 12(11), 14292-14306; doi:10.3390/s121114292
Article

Boundary Layer Separation and Reattachment Detection on Airfoils by Thermal Flow Sensors

1
, 1
, 2
, 2
 and 1,*
Received: 30 August 2012; in revised form: 16 October 2012 / Accepted: 18 October 2012 / Published: 24 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2818 KB, updated 21 June 2014; original version uploaded 21 June 2014]
Abstract: A sensor concept for detection of boundary layer separation (flow separation, stall) and reattachment on airfoils is introduced in this paper. Boundary layer separation and reattachment are phenomena of fluid mechanics showing characteristics of extinction and even inversion of the flow velocity on an overflowed surface. The flow sensor used in this work is able to measure the flow velocity in terms of direction and quantity at the sensor’s position and expected to determine those specific flow conditions. Therefore, an array of thermal flow sensors has been integrated (flush-mounted) on an airfoil and placed in a wind tunnel for measurement. Sensor signals have been recorded at different wind speeds and angles of attack for different positions on the airfoil. The sensors used here are based on the change of temperature distribution on a membrane (calorimetric principle). Thermopiles are used as temperature sensors in this approach offering a baseline free sensor signal, which is favorable for measurements at zero flow. Measurement results show clear separation points (zero flow) and even negative flow values (back flow) for all sensor positions. In addition to standard silicon-based flow sensors, a polymer-based flexible approach has been tested showing similar results.
Keywords: boundary layer separation; flow separation; stall; reattachment; airfoil; wind tunnel; thermal flow sensor; flexible; polyimide; thermopile boundary layer separation; flow separation; stall; reattachment; airfoil; wind tunnel; thermal flow sensor; flexible; polyimide; thermopile
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Sturm, H.; Dumstorff, G.; Busche, P.; Westermann, D.; Lang, W. Boundary Layer Separation and Reattachment Detection on Airfoils by Thermal Flow Sensors. Sensors 2012, 12, 14292-14306.

AMA Style

Sturm H, Dumstorff G, Busche P, Westermann D, Lang W. Boundary Layer Separation and Reattachment Detection on Airfoils by Thermal Flow Sensors. Sensors. 2012; 12(11):14292-14306.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sturm, Hannes; Dumstorff, Gerrit; Busche, Peter; Westermann, Dieter; Lang, Walter. 2012. "Boundary Layer Separation and Reattachment Detection on Airfoils by Thermal Flow Sensors." Sensors 12, no. 11: 14292-14306.


Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert