Sensors 2012, 12(11), 14232-14261; doi:10.3390/s121114232
Review

Bio-Inspired Polarized Skylight-Based Navigation Sensors: A Review

1,2,* email, 1email and 1,3email
Received: 5 September 2012; in revised form: 15 October 2012 / Accepted: 15 October 2012 / Published: 24 October 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Animal senses cover a broad range of signal types and signal bandwidths and have inspired various sensors and bioinstrumentation devices for biological and medical applications. Insects, such as desert ants and honeybees, for example, utilize polarized skylight pattern-based information in their navigation activities. They reliably return to their nests and hives from places many kilometers away. The insect navigation system involves the dorsal rim area in their compound eyes and the corresponding polarization sensitive neurons in the brain. The dorsal rim area is equipped with photoreceptors, which have orthogonally arranged small hair-like structures termed microvilli. These are the specialized sensors for the detection of polarized skylight patterns (e-vector orientation). Various research groups have been working on the development of novel navigation systems inspired by polarized skylight-based navigation in animals. Their major contributions are critically reviewed. One focus of current research activities is on imitating the integration path mechanism in desert ants. The potential for simple, high performance miniaturized bioinstrumentation that can assist people in navigation will be explored.
Keywords: bioinstrumentation; bio-inspired; polarized skylight navigation sensor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karman, S.B.; Diah, S.Z.M.; Gebeshuber, I.C. Bio-Inspired Polarized Skylight-Based Navigation Sensors: A Review. Sensors 2012, 12, 14232-14261.

AMA Style

Karman SB, Diah SZM, Gebeshuber IC. Bio-Inspired Polarized Skylight-Based Navigation Sensors: A Review. Sensors. 2012; 12(11):14232-14261.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karman, Salmah B.; Diah, S. Z.M.; Gebeshuber, Ille C. 2012. "Bio-Inspired Polarized Skylight-Based Navigation Sensors: A Review." Sensors 12, no. 11: 14232-14261.

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