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Sensors 2012, 12(10), 13567-13582; doi:10.3390/s121013567
Article

A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body

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Received: 9 August 2012; in revised form: 10 September 2012 / Accepted: 27 September 2012 / Published: 9 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Sensor Networks for Healthcare and Pervasive Applications)
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Abstract: Simulation based on the finite-element (FE) method plays an important role in the investigation of intra-body communication (IBC). In this paper, a finite-element model of the whole body model used for the IBC simulation is proposed and verified, while the FE simulation of the galvanic coupling IBC with different signal transmission paths has been achieved. Firstly, a novel finite-element method for modeling the whole human body is proposed, and a FE model of the whole human body used for IBC simulation was developed. Secondly, the simulations of the galvanic coupling IBC with the different signal transmission paths were implemented. Finally, the feasibility of the proposed method was verified by using in vivo measurements within the frequency range of 10 kHz–5 MHz, whereby some important conclusions were deduced. Our results indicate that the proposed method will offer significant advantages in the investigation of the galvanic coupling intra-body communication.
Keywords: intra-body communication; finite-element; wireless body area networks; simulation intra-body communication; finite-element; wireless body area networks; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Zhang, K.; Hao, Q.; Hu, L.; Wang, J.; Shang, F. A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body. Sensors 2012, 12, 13567-13582.

AMA Style

Song Y, Zhang K, Hao Q, Hu L, Wang J, Shang F. A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body. Sensors. 2012; 12(10):13567-13582.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Yong; Zhang, Kai; Hao, Qun; Hu, Lanxin; Wang, Jingwen; Shang, Fuzhou. 2012. "A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body." Sensors 12, no. 10: 13567-13582.


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