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Sensors 2012, 12(10), 13567-13582; doi:10.3390/s121013567

A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body

School of Opto-Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2012 / Revised: 10 September 2012 / Accepted: 27 September 2012 / Published: 9 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Sensor Networks for Healthcare and Pervasive Applications)
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Simulation based on the finite-element (FE) method plays an important role in the investigation of intra-body communication (IBC). In this paper, a finite-element model of the whole body model used for the IBC simulation is proposed and verified, while the FE simulation of the galvanic coupling IBC with different signal transmission paths has been achieved. Firstly, a novel finite-element method for modeling the whole human body is proposed, and a FE model of the whole human body used for IBC simulation was developed. Secondly, the simulations of the galvanic coupling IBC with the different signal transmission paths were implemented. Finally, the feasibility of the proposed method was verified by using in vivo measurements within the frequency range of 10 kHz–5 MHz, whereby some important conclusions were deduced. Our results indicate that the proposed method will offer significant advantages in the investigation of the galvanic coupling intra-body communication.
Keywords: intra-body communication; finite-element; wireless body area networks; simulation intra-body communication; finite-element; wireless body area networks; simulation

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Zhang, K.; Hao, Q.; Hu, L.; Wang, J.; Shang, F. A Finite-Element Simulation of Galvanic Coupling Intra-Body Communication Based on the Whole Human Body. Sensors 2012, 12, 13567-13582.

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