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Sensors 2012, 12(10), 12890-12926; doi:10.3390/s121012890
Review

The Use of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Applications: The State-of-the-Art and Ongoing Research Topics

1
, 1,*  and 2
Received: 12 July 2012; in revised form: 14 August 2012 / Accepted: 22 August 2012 / Published: 25 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: In recent years, fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) are becoming increasingly attractive for sensing applications in biomechanics and rehabilitation engineering due to their advantageous properties like small size, light weight, biocompatibility, chemical inertness, multiplexing capability and immunity to electromagnetic interference (EMI). They also offer a high-performance alternative to conventional technologies, either for measuring a variety of physical parameters or for performing high-sensitivity biochemical analysis. FBG-based sensors demonstrated their feasibility for specific sensing applications in aeronautic, automotive, civil engineering structure monitoring and undersea oil exploration; however, their use in the field of biomechanics and rehabilitation applications is very recent and its practicality for full-scale implementation has not yet been fully established. They could be used for detecting strain in bones, pressure mapping in orthopaedic joints, stresses in intervertebral discs, chest wall deformation, pressure distribution in Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs), forces induced by tendons and ligaments, angles between body segments during gait, and many others in dental biomechanics. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of all the possible applications of FBG sensing technology in biomechanics and rehabilitation and the status of ongoing researches up-to-date all over the world, demonstrating the FBG advances over other existing technologies.
Keywords: fiber Bragg grating; Bragg sensors; biomechanics; rehabilitation fiber Bragg grating; Bragg sensors; biomechanics; rehabilitation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Fakih, E.; Abu Osman, N.A.; Mahamd Adikan, F.R. The Use of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Applications: The State-of-the-Art and Ongoing Research Topics. Sensors 2012, 12, 12890-12926.

AMA Style

Al-Fakih E, Abu Osman NA, Mahamd Adikan FR. The Use of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Applications: The State-of-the-Art and Ongoing Research Topics. Sensors. 2012; 12(10):12890-12926.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Fakih, Ebrahim; Abu Osman, Noor Azuan; Mahamd Adikan, Faisal Rafiq. 2012. "The Use of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Applications: The State-of-the-Art and Ongoing Research Topics." Sensors 12, no. 10: 12890-12926.



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