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Development of Sensor Cells Using NF-κB Pathway Activation for Detection of Nanoparticle-Induced Inflammation
Cell-Materials Interaction Group, Biomaterials Unit, Nano-Bio Field, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1, Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0044, Japan
Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
TOTO Ltd. Research Institute, Nakashima 2-1-1, Kokurakita, Kitakyushu, 802-8601, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2011; in revised form: 8 July 2011 / Accepted: 12 July 2011 / Published: 18 July 2011
Abstract: The increasing use of nanomaterials in consumer and industrial products has aroused concerns regarding their fate in biological systems. An effective detection method to evaluate the safety of bio-nanomaterials is therefore very important. Titanium dioxide (TiO2), which is manufactured worldwide in large quantities for use in a wide range of applications, including pigment and cosmetic manufacturing, was once thought to be an inert material, but recently, more and more studies have indicated that TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) can cause inflammation and be harmful to humans by causing lung and brain problems. In order to evaluate the safety of TiO2 NPs for the environment and for humans, sensor cells for inflammation detection were developed, and these were transfected with the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene and Nuclear Factor Kappa B (NF-κB) reporter gene. NF-κB as a primary cause of inflammation has received a lot of attention, and it can be activated by a wide variety of external stimuli. Our data show that TiO2 NPs-induced inflammation can be detected by our sensor cells through NF-κB pathway activation. This may lead to our sensor cells being used for bio-nanomaterial safety evaluation.
Keywords: sensor cells; TiO2 nanoparticles agglomerates; inflammation; NF-κB; Toll-like receptor4
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Chen, P.; Migita, S.; Kanehira, K.; Sonezaki, S.; Taniguchi, A. Development of Sensor Cells Using NF-κB Pathway Activation for Detection of Nanoparticle-Induced Inflammation. Sensors 2011, 11, 7219-7230.
Chen P, Migita S, Kanehira K, Sonezaki S, Taniguchi A. Development of Sensor Cells Using NF-κB Pathway Activation for Detection of Nanoparticle-Induced Inflammation. Sensors. 2011; 11(7):7219-7230.
Chen, Peng; Migita, Satoshi; Kanehira, Koki; Sonezaki, Shuji; Taniguchi, Akiyoshi. 2011. "Development of Sensor Cells Using NF-κB Pathway Activation for Detection of Nanoparticle-Induced Inflammation." Sensors 11, no. 7: 7219-7230.