A correction was published on 12 September 2012, see Sensors 2012, 12(9), 12375-12376.

Sensors 2011, 11(6), 5561-5595; doi:10.3390/s110605561
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Wearable and Implantable Wireless Sensor Network Solutions for Healthcare Monitoring

1 Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt 2 Faculty of Computers and Information, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2011; in revised form: 14 May 2011 / Accepted: 19 May 2011 / Published: 26 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinspired Sensor Systems)
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Abstract: Wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies are considered one of the key research areas in computer science and the healthcare application industries for improving the quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to provide a snapshot of current developments and future direction of research on wearable and implantable body area network systems for continuous monitoring of patients. This paper explains the important role of body sensor networks in medicine to minimize the need for caregivers and help the chronically ill and elderly people live an independent life, besides providing people with quality care. The paper provides several examples of state of the art technology together with the design considerations like unobtrusiveness, scalability, energy efficiency, security and also provides a comprehensive analysis of the various benefits and drawbacks of these systems. Although offering significant benefits, the field of wearable and implantable body sensor networks still faces major challenges and open research problems which are investigated and covered, along with some proposed solutions, in this paper.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; body area networks; wearable sensors; implantable sensors; healthcare applications; biosensors; nanotechnology; privacy; security

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MDPI and ACS Style

Darwish, A.; Hassanien, A.E. Wearable and Implantable Wireless Sensor Network Solutions for Healthcare Monitoring. Sensors 2011, 11, 5561-5595.

AMA Style

Darwish A, Hassanien AE. Wearable and Implantable Wireless Sensor Network Solutions for Healthcare Monitoring. Sensors. 2011; 11(6):5561-5595.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Darwish, Ashraf; Hassanien, Aboul Ella. 2011. "Wearable and Implantable Wireless Sensor Network Solutions for Healthcare Monitoring." Sensors 11, no. 6: 5561-5595.

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