Sensors 2011, 11(4), 4401-4424; doi:10.3390/s110404401

A Secure Cluster-Based Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs

1 Computer Architecture Department, Technical University of Catalunya, Barcelona 08029, Spain 2 Computer Engineering Department, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13111, Jordan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2011; in revised form: 8 April 2011 / Accepted: 11 April 2011 / Published: 15 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The new characteristics of Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network (WMSN) and its design issues brought by handling different traffic classes of multimedia content (video streams, audio, and still images) as well as scalar data over the network, make the proposed routing protocols for typical WSNs not directly applicable for WMSNs. Handling real-time multimedia data requires both energy efficiency and QoS assurance in order to ensure efficient utility of different capabilities of sensor resources and correct delivery of collected information. In this paper, we propose a Secure Cluster-based Multipath Routing protocol for WMSNs, SCMR, to satisfy the requirements of delivering different data types and support high data rate multimedia traffic. SCMR exploits the hierarchical structure of powerful cluster heads and the optimized multiple paths to support timeliness and reliable high data rate multimedia communication with minimum energy dissipation. Also, we present a light-weight distributed security mechanism of key management in order to secure the communication between sensor nodes and protect the network against different types of attacks. Performance evaluation from simulation results demonstrates a significant performance improvement comparing with existing protocols (which do not even provide any kind of security feature) in terms of average end-to-end delay, network throughput, packet delivery ratio, and energy consumption.
Keywords: wireless multimedia sensor networks; WMSN; WSN; routing protocol; multimedia delivery; multipath; cluster-based routing; security

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MDPI and ACS Style

Almalkawi, I.T.; Guerrero Zapata, M.; Al-Karaki, J.N. A Secure Cluster-Based Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs. Sensors 2011, 11, 4401-4424.

AMA Style

Almalkawi IT, Guerrero Zapata M, Al-Karaki JN. A Secure Cluster-Based Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs. Sensors. 2011; 11(4):4401-4424.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almalkawi, Islam T.; Guerrero Zapata, Manel; Al-Karaki, Jamal N. 2011. "A Secure Cluster-Based Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs." Sensors 11, no. 4: 4401-4424.

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