Sensors 2011, 11(3), 3214-3226; doi:10.3390/s110303214
Article

Potentiometric Electronic Tongue to Resolve Mixtures of Sulfide and Perchlorate Anions

Received: 11 January 2011; in revised form: 24 February 2011 / Accepted: 10 March 2011 / Published: 16 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinspired Sensor Systems)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This work describes the use of an array of potentiometric sensors and an artificial neural network response model to determine perchlorate and sulfide ions in polluted waters, by what is known as an electronic tongue. Sensors used have been all-solid-state PVC membrane selective electrodes, where their ionophores were different metal-phtalocyanine complexes with specific and anion generic responses. The study case illustrates the potential use of electronic tongues in the quantification of mixtures when interfering effects need to be counterbalanced: relative errors in determination of individual ions can be decreased typically from 25% to less than 5%, if compared to the use of a single proposed ion-selective electrode.
Keywords: electronic tongue; ion-selective electrode; artificial neural network; sulfide; perchlorate; phtalocyanine ionophores
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilson, D.; Abbas, M.N.; Radwan, A.L.A.; Valle, M. Potentiometric Electronic Tongue to Resolve Mixtures of Sulfide and Perchlorate Anions. Sensors 2011, 11, 3214-3226.

AMA Style

Wilson D, Abbas MN, Radwan ALA, Valle M. Potentiometric Electronic Tongue to Resolve Mixtures of Sulfide and Perchlorate Anions. Sensors. 2011; 11(3):3214-3226.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilson, Deivy; Abbas, Mohammed N.; Radwan, Abdel Latief A.; Valle, Manel del. 2011. "Potentiometric Electronic Tongue to Resolve Mixtures of Sulfide and Perchlorate Anions." Sensors 11, no. 3: 3214-3226.

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