Sensors 2011, 11(2), 1620-1640; doi:10.3390/s110201620
Review

PCF-Based Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopic Sensors for Simultaneous Multicomponent Trace Gas Analysis

Institute of Experimental Physics, Free University of Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 October 2010; in revised form: 16 November 2010 / Accepted: 4 January 2011 / Published: 27 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Sensors - A Decade of Publishing)
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Abstract: A multiwavelength, multicomponent CRDS gas sensor operating on the basis of a compact photonic crystal fibre supercontinuum light source has been constructed. It features a simple design encompassing one radiation source, one cavity and one detection unit (a spectrograph with a fitted ICCD camera) that are common for all wavelengths. Multicomponent detection capability of the device is demonstrated by simultaneous measurements of the absorption spectra of molecular oxygen (spin-forbidden b-X branch) and water vapor (polyads 4v, 4v + d) in ambient atmospheric air. Issues related to multimodal cavity excitation, as well as to obtaining the best signal-to-noise ratio are discussed together with methods for their practical resolution based on operating the cavity in a “quasi continuum” mode and setting long camera gate widths, respectively. A comprehensive review of multiwavelength CRDS techniques is also given.
Keywords: molecular spectroscopy; cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy; cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy; photonic crystal fibres; supercontinuum lasers

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakaema, W.M.; Hao, Z.-Q.; Rohwetter, P.; Wöste, L.; Stelmaszczyk, K. PCF-Based Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopic Sensors for Simultaneous Multicomponent Trace Gas Analysis. Sensors 2011, 11, 1620-1640.

AMA Style

Nakaema WM, Hao Z-Q, Rohwetter P, Wöste L, Stelmaszczyk K. PCF-Based Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopic Sensors for Simultaneous Multicomponent Trace Gas Analysis. Sensors. 2011; 11(2):1620-1640.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakaema, Walter M.; Hao, Zuo-Qiang; Rohwetter, Philipp; Wöste, Ludger; Stelmaszczyk, Kamil. 2011. "PCF-Based Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopic Sensors for Simultaneous Multicomponent Trace Gas Analysis." Sensors 11, no. 2: 1620-1640.

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