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Sensors 2011, 11(11), 10415-10443; doi:10.3390/s111110415
Article

Collective Odor Source Estimation and Search in Time-Variant Airflow Environments Using Mobile Robots

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Received: 22 September 2011; in revised form: 20 October 2011 / Accepted: 25 October 2011 / Published: 2 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: This paper addresses the collective odor source localization (OSL) problem in a time-varying airflow environment using mobile robots. A novel OSL methodology which combines odor-source probability estimation and multiple robots’ search is proposed. The estimation phase consists of two steps: firstly, the separate probability-distribution map of odor source is estimated via Bayesian rules and fuzzy inference based on a single robot’s detection events; secondly, the separate maps estimated by different robots at different times are fused into a combined map by way of distance based superposition. The multi-robot search behaviors are coordinated via a particle swarm optimization algorithm, where the estimated odor-source probability distribution is used to express the fitness functions. In the process of OSL, the estimation phase provides the prior knowledge for the searching while the searching verifies the estimation results, and both phases are implemented iteratively. The results of simulations for large-scale advection–diffusion plume environments and experiments using real robots in an indoor airflow environment validate the feasibility and robustness of the proposed OSL method.
Keywords: odor source localization; multi-robot; estimation; search; Bayesian rules; fuzzy inference; particle swarm optimization odor source localization; multi-robot; estimation; search; Bayesian rules; fuzzy inference; particle swarm optimization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Meng, Q.-H.; Yang, W.-X.; Wang, Y.; Zeng, M. Collective Odor Source Estimation and Search in Time-Variant Airflow Environments Using Mobile Robots. Sensors 2011, 11, 10415-10443.

AMA Style

Meng Q-H, Yang W-X, Wang Y, Zeng M. Collective Odor Source Estimation and Search in Time-Variant Airflow Environments Using Mobile Robots. Sensors. 2011; 11(11):10415-10443.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meng, Qing-Hao; Yang, Wei-Xing; Wang, Yang; Zeng, Ming. 2011. "Collective Odor Source Estimation and Search in Time-Variant Airflow Environments Using Mobile Robots." Sensors 11, no. 11: 10415-10443.


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