Sensors 2010, 10(8), 7434-7468; doi:10.3390/s100807434
Review

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Elemental Analysis in Environmental, Cultural Heritage and Space Applications: A Review of Methods and Results

1 Department of Chemistry, University of Bari, via Orabona 4, 79126, Bari, Italy 2 IMIP-CNR sec. Bari, via Amendola 122/D, 70126, Bari, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 April 2010; in revised form: 24 May 2010 / Accepted: 22 June 2010 / Published: 9 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: Analytical applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), namely optical emission spectroscopy of laser-induced plasmas, have been constantly growing thanks to its intrinsic conceptual simplicity and versatility. Qualitative and quantitative analysis can be performed by LIBS both by drawing calibration lines and by using calibration-free methods and some of its features, so as fast multi-elemental response, micro-destructiveness, instrumentation portability, have rendered it particularly suitable for analytical applications in the field of environmental science, space exploration and cultural heritage. This review reports and discusses LIBS achievements in these areas and results obtained for soils and aqueous samples, meteorites and terrestrial samples simulating extraterrestrial planets, and cultural heritage samples, including buildings and objects of various kinds.
Keywords: Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS); optical emission; elemental analysis; cultural heritage; soils; meteorites; space exploration

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gaudiuso, R.; Dell’Aglio, M.; Pascale, O.D.; Senesi, G.S.; Giacomo, A.D. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Elemental Analysis in Environmental, Cultural Heritage and Space Applications: A Review of Methods and Results. Sensors 2010, 10, 7434-7468.

AMA Style

Gaudiuso R, Dell’Aglio M, Pascale OD, Senesi GS, Giacomo AD. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Elemental Analysis in Environmental, Cultural Heritage and Space Applications: A Review of Methods and Results. Sensors. 2010; 10(8):7434-7468.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gaudiuso, Rosalba; Dell’Aglio, Marcella; Pascale, Olga De; Senesi, Giorgio S.; Giacomo, Alessandro De. 2010. "Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Elemental Analysis in Environmental, Cultural Heritage and Space Applications: A Review of Methods and Results." Sensors 10, no. 8: 7434-7468.

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