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Experimental Demonstration of Masking Phenomena between Competing Odorants via an Air Dilution Sensory Test
Atmospheric Environment Laboratory, Department of Environment & Energy, Sejong University, Seoul, 143-747 Korea
Received: 9 June 2010; in revised form: 8 July 2010 / Accepted: 22 July 2010 / Published: 3 August 2010
Abstract: To simulate the occurrence of masking phenomena with the aid of an air dilution sensory (ADS) test, two types of odorant mixtures were prepared: (1) M2 with two individual odorants [H2S and acetaldehyde (AA)] and (2) M6 with six individual odorants (H2S and five aldehydes). The test results derived for samples containing single individual odorants at a wide range of concentrations are initially used to define the empirical relationship between the dilution-to-threshold (D/T) ratio and odor intensity (OI) scaling. Based on these relationships, the D/T ratios were estimated for each odorant with the same intensity as the synthetic mixture. The relative contribution of each odorant to such mixture is then assessed by comparing the estimated and measured D/T values. This stepwise test confirmed the dominance of certain compounds at a given OI rating. In the case of M2, H2S showed sensitive detection at high OI range, while AA did so at low end. The pattern of a competing relationship is also seen consistently from M6 between AA (low) and iso-valeraldehyde (IA: high OI range). The overall results thus suggest that the masking phenomena between strong odorants should proceed under competing relationships, if released at the same time.
Keywords: human sensing; odor masking; threshold; hydrogen sulfide; acetaldehyde; dilution-to-threshold (D/T) ratio
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Kim, K.-H. Experimental Demonstration of Masking Phenomena between Competing Odorants via an Air Dilution Sensory Test. Sensors 2010, 10, 7287-7302.
Kim K-H. Experimental Demonstration of Masking Phenomena between Competing Odorants via an Air Dilution Sensory Test. Sensors. 2010; 10(8):7287-7302.
Kim, Ki-Hyun. 2010. "Experimental Demonstration of Masking Phenomena between Competing Odorants via an Air Dilution Sensory Test." Sensors 10, no. 8: 7287-7302.