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Sensors 2010, 10(12), 10620-10639; doi:10.3390/s101210620
Article

Transport Infrastructure Surveillance and Monitoring by Electromagnetic Sensing: The ISTIMES Project

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1 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Ambientale (IMAA), Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy 2 Tecnologie per l’Osservazione della Terra e dei Rischi Naturali (TeRN) Consortium, Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy 3 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell’Ambiente (IREA), Naples, Italy 4 Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées (LCPC), Paris, France 5 Territorial Data Elaboration (TDE), Bucaresti, Romania 6 Dipartimento della Protezione Civile (DPC), Roma, Italy 7 Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, Tel Aviv University (TAU), Tel Aviv, Israel 8 Lund University (ULUND), Lund, Sweden 9 Eidgenoessische Materialpruefungs-und Forschungsanstalt (EMPA), Duebendorf, Switzerland 10 Norsk Elektro Optikk (NEO), Lorenskog, Norway 11 Elsag Datamat (ED), Genova (GE), Italy 12 Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden 13 Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Dipartimento di Strutture, Geotecnica, Geologia Applicata all'Ingegneria (DiSGG)-Potenza, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 October 2010 / Revised: 5 November 2010 / Accepted: 15 November 2010 / Published: 29 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

The ISTIMES project, funded by the European Commission in the frame of a joint Call “ICT and Security” of the Seventh Framework Programme, is presented and preliminary research results are discussed. The main objective of the ISTIMES project is to design, assess and promote an Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-based system, exploiting distributed and local sensors, for non-destructive electromagnetic monitoring of critical transport infrastructures. The integration of electromagnetic technologies with new ICT information and telecommunications systems enables remotely controlled monitoring and surveillance and real time data imaging of the critical transport infrastructures. The project exploits different non-invasive imaging technologies based on electromagnetic sensing (optic fiber sensors, Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite platform based, hyperspectral spectroscopy, Infrared thermography, Ground Penetrating Radar-, low-frequency geophysical techniques, Ground based systems for displacement monitoring). In this paper, we show the preliminary results arising from the GPR and infrared thermographic measurements carried out on the Musmeci bridge in Potenza, located in a highly seismic area of the Apennine chain (Southern Italy) and representing one of the test beds of the project.
Keywords: electromagnetic sensing techniques; system architecture; transport infrastructure non invasive monitoring electromagnetic sensing techniques; system architecture; transport infrastructure non invasive monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Proto, M.; Bavusi, M.; Bernini, R.; Bigagli, L.; Bost, M.; Bourquin, F.; Cottineau, L.-M.; Cuomo, V.; Vecchia, P.D.; Dolce, M.; Dumoulin, J.; Eppelbaum, L.; Fornaro, G.; Gustafsson, M.; Hugenschimdt, J.; Kaspersen, P.; Kim, H.; Lapenna, V.; Leggio, M.; Loperte, A.; Mazzetti, P.; Moroni, C.; Nativi, S.; Nordebo, S.; Pacini, F.; Palombo, A.; Pascucci, S.; Perrone, A.; Pignatti, S.; Ponzo, F.C.; Rizzo, E.; Soldovieri, F.; Taillade, F. Transport Infrastructure Surveillance and Monitoring by Electromagnetic Sensing: The ISTIMES Project. Sensors 2010, 10, 10620-10639.

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