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Sensors 2010, 10(10), 8850-8864; doi:10.3390/s101008850
Article

Manganese(III) Porphyrin-based Potentiometric Sensors for Diclofenac Assay in Pharmaceutical Preparations

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Received: 8 July 2010 / Revised: 14 September 2010 / Accepted: 19 September 2010 / Published: 28 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

Two manganese(III) porphyrins: manganese(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride and manganese(III)-tetrakis(3-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin chloride were tested as ionophores for the construction of new diclofenac−selective electrodes. The electroactive material was incorporated either in PVC or a sol−gel matrix. The effect of different plasticizers and additives (anionic and cationic) on the potentiometric response was studied. The best results were obtained for the PVC membrane plasticized with dioctylphtalate and having sodium tetraphenylborate as a lipophilic anionic additive incorporated. The sensor response was linear in the concentration range 3 × 10−6 – 1 × 10−2 M with a slope of −59.7 mV/dec diclofenac, a detection limit of 1.5 × 10−6 M and very good selectivity coefficients. It was used for the determination of diclofenac in pharmaceutical preparations, by direct potentiometry. The results were compared with those obtained by the HPLC reference method and a good agreement was found between the two methods.
Keywords: diclofenac; manganese porphyrins; ion–selective electrodes; potentiometry; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; pharmaceuticals diclofenac; manganese porphyrins; ion–selective electrodes; potentiometry; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; pharmaceuticals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vlascici, D.; Pruneanu, S.; Olenic, L.; Pogacean, F.; Ostafe, V.; Chiriac, V.; Pica, E.M.; Bolundut, L.C.; Nica, L.; Fagadar-Cosma, E. Manganese(III) Porphyrin-based Potentiometric Sensors for Diclofenac Assay in Pharmaceutical Preparations. Sensors 2010, 10, 8850-8864.

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