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Preliminary Analysis of Life within a Former Subglacial Lake Sediment in Antarctica
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Northumbria, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OET, UK
University Centre in Svalbard, Post Box 156, 9171 Longyearbyen, Norway
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, James Clerk Maxwell Building, The King's Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2013; in revised form: 5 July 2013 / Accepted: 8 August 2013 / Published: 6 September 2013
Abstract: Since the first descriptions of Antarctic subglacial lakes, there has been a growing interest and awareness of the possibility that life will exist and potentially thrive in these unique and little known environments. The unusual combination of selection pressures, and isolation from the rest of the biosphere, might have led to novel adaptations and physiology not seen before, or indeed to the potential discovery of relic populations that may have become extinct elsewhere. Here we report the first microbiological analysis of a sample taken from a former subglacial lake sediment in Antarctica (Lake Hodgson, on the Antarctic Peninsula). This is one of a number of subglacial lakes just emerging at the margins of the Antarctic ice sheet due to the renewed onset of deglaciation. Microbial diversity was divided into 23.8% Actinobacteria, 21.6% Proteobacteria, 20.2% Planctomycetes and 11.6% Chloroflexi, characteristic of a range of habitat types ( Overall, common sequences were neither distinctly polar, low temperature, freshwater nor marine). Twenty three percent of this diversity could only be identified to “unidentified bacterium”. Clearly these are diverse ecosystems with enormous potential.
Keywords: Antarctica; bacteria; biodiversity; lake; polar; subglacial; sediment
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Pearce, D.A.; Hodgson, D.A.; Thorne, M.A.S.; Burns, G.; Cockell, C.S. Preliminary Analysis of Life within a Former Subglacial Lake Sediment in Antarctica. Diversity 2013, 5, 680-702.
Pearce DA, Hodgson DA, Thorne MAS, Burns G, Cockell CS. Preliminary Analysis of Life within a Former Subglacial Lake Sediment in Antarctica. Diversity. 2013; 5(3):680-702.
Pearce, David A.; Hodgson, Dominic A.; Thorne, Michael A.S.; Burns, Gavin; Cockell, Charles S. 2013. "Preliminary Analysis of Life within a Former Subglacial Lake Sediment in Antarctica." Diversity 5, no. 3: 680-702.