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Italian Common Bean Landraces: History, Genetic Diversity and Seed Quality
Cnr, Institute of Plant Genetics, via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 April 2010; in revised form: 6 May 2010 / Accepted: 12 May 2010 / Published: 27 May 2010
Abstract: The long tradition of common bean cultivation in Italy has allowed the evolution of many landraces adapted to restricted areas. Nowadays, in response to market demands, old landraces are gradually being replaced by improved cultivars. However, landraces still survive in marginal areas of several Italian regions. Most of them appear severely endangered with risk of extinction due to the advanced age of the farmers and the socio-cultural context where they are cultivated. The present contribution is an overview of the state of the art about the knowledge of Italian common bean germplasm, describing the most important and recent progresses made in its characterization, including genetic diversity and nutritional aspects.
Keywords: genetic resources; germplasm; molecular markers; Phaseolus vulgaris; phaseolin
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MDPI and ACS Style
Piergiovanni, A.R.; Lioi, L. Italian Common Bean Landraces: History, Genetic Diversity and Seed Quality. Diversity 2010, 2, 837-862.
Piergiovanni AR, Lioi L. Italian Common Bean Landraces: History, Genetic Diversity and Seed Quality. Diversity. 2010; 2(6):837-862.
Piergiovanni, Angela R.; Lioi, Lucia. 2010. "Italian Common Bean Landraces: History, Genetic Diversity and Seed Quality." Diversity 2, no. 6: 837-862.