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Diversity 2010, 2(4), 450-472; doi:10.3390/d2040450

DNA Barcodes for Marine Biodiversity: Moving Fast Forward?

Département de Biologie, Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 allée des ursulines, Rimouski (QC) G5L 3A1, Canada
Institut des Sciences de la Mer de Rimouski, Université du Québec à Rimouski, 310 allée des ursulines, Rimouski (QC) G5L 3A1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2010 / Revised: 17 March 2010 / Accepted: 23 March 2010 / Published: 25 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Diversity Assessed by Molecular Methods)
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‘Biodiversity’ means the variety of life and it can be studied at different levels (genetic, species, ecosystem) and scales (spatial and temporal). Last decades showed that marine biodiversity has been severely underestimated at all levels. In order to investigate diversity patterns and underlying processes, there is a need to know what species live in the marine environment. An emerging tool for species identification, DNA barcoding can reliably assign unknown specimens to known species, also flagging potential cryptic species and genetically distant populations. This paper will review the role of DNA barcoding for the study of marine biodiversity at the species level.
Keywords: biodiversity; marine; DNA barcoding; species identification biodiversity; marine; DNA barcoding; species identification

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Radulovici, A.E.; Archambault, P.; Dufresne, F. DNA Barcodes for Marine Biodiversity: Moving Fast Forward? Diversity 2010, 2, 450-472.

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