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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(11), 2205-2216; doi:10.3390/ijms9112205

Intestinal Structure and Function of Broiler Chickens on Diets Supplemented with a Synbiotic Containing Enterococcus faecium and Oligosaccharides

1
Institute of Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of animal Behaviour and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University Qena, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 September 2008 / Revised: 31 October 2008 / Accepted: 7 November 2008 / Published: 12 November 2008
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Abstract

A feeding trial was conducted on broiler chickens to study the effects of the synbiotic BIOMIN IMBO [a combination of Enterococcus faecium, a prebiotic (derived from chicory) and immune modulating substances (derived from sea algae)], with a dose of 1 kg/ton of the starter diets and 0.5 kg/ton of the grower diets on the intestinal morphometry and nutrient absorption. The general performance was improved (P < 0.05) by the dietary inclusion of synbiotic compared with the controls. Furthermore, the addition of synbiotic increased (P < 0.001) the villus height/crypt depth ratio and villus height in ileum. However, the ileal crypt depth was decreased by dietary supplementation of synbiotic compared with control. The addition of glucose in Ussing chamber produced a significant increase (P ≤ 0.001) in short-circuit current (Isc) in jejunum and colon relative to the basal values in both synbiotic and control groups. However, in jejunum the percentage of Isc increase after glucose addition was higher for synbiotic group (333 %) than control group (45 %). In conclusion, dietary inclusion of synbiotic BIOMIN IMBO increased the growth performance and improved intestinal morphology and nutrient absorption. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chicken; synbiotic feed additive; histology; electrophysiological parameter; glucose absorption Chicken; synbiotic feed additive; histology; electrophysiological parameter; glucose absorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Awad, W.; Ghareeb, K.; Böhm, J. Intestinal Structure and Function of Broiler Chickens on Diets Supplemented with a Synbiotic Containing Enterococcus faecium and Oligosaccharides. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 2205-2216.

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