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Int. J. Mol. Sci., Volume 6, Issue 11 (November 2005), Pages 257-290

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Research

Open AccessArticle Acidity Study on 3-Substituted Pyridines
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2005, 6(11), 257-275; doi:10.3390/i6110257
Received: 24 June 2005 / Accepted: 21 October 2005 / Published: 1 November 2005
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (121 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A comprehensive theoretical study for the protonation of some 3-substituted pyridines has been carried out in aqueous solution (e=78.4) by semi empirical AM1 method in MOPAC2000 and PM5 method in MOPAC2002. Solvent effect was accounted for implicitly by means of the conductor [...] Read more.
A comprehensive theoretical study for the protonation of some 3-substituted pyridines has been carried out in aqueous solution (e=78.4) by semi empirical AM1 method in MOPAC2000 and PM5 method in MOPAC2002. Solvent effect was accounted for implicitly by means of the conductor like screening model (COSMO). The acidity constants of these pyridine derivatives have been calculated. The tautomeric and/or conformational equilibria for these compounds, where available, were also taken into account to find out the mol fractions of the species in aqueous media. The results obtained from the calculations were compared with the available experimental values, and the results indicate a considerable agreement with available experimental data. Full article
Open AccessArticle Tetra-tert-Butyl-di-m-Hydroxo Digallium(III) and 1,12-Diaza-3,4:9,10-Dibenzo-5,8-Dioxo-cyclo-Pentadecane. Structure and Isomers of the Coordination Compound
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2005, 6(11), 276-290; doi:10.3390/i6110276
Received: 20 October 2005 / Accepted: 18 November 2005 / Published: 22 November 2005
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Abstract
Tri-t-butylgallium has been reacted with the macrocycle 1,12-diaza-3,4:9,10-dibenzo-5,8-dioxocyclopentadecane which could be a potential ligand for gallium(III). A reaction product was analyzed and single crystal X-ray diffraction experiments showed that it consisted of the cyclic dimer of di-t-butylgallium-hydroxide hydrogen bonded to the macrocycle. [...] Read more.
Tri-t-butylgallium has been reacted with the macrocycle 1,12-diaza-3,4:9,10-dibenzo-5,8-dioxocyclopentadecane which could be a potential ligand for gallium(III). A reaction product was analyzed and single crystal X-ray diffraction experiments showed that it consisted of the cyclic dimer of di-t-butylgallium-hydroxide hydrogen bonded to the macrocycle. Without a co-crystallized organic molecule di-t-butylgallium hydroxide crystallizes as a trimer. Density functional calculations have been used to predict the structures and the total energies for the monomer, dimer, trimer, and tetramer of dimethylgallium hydroxide in order to provide a basis for the understanding of oligomer population for the dimethylgallium hydroxides. Force field calculations are shown to be able to produce a similar strain energy difference for dimer, trimer, and tetramer forms of (CH3)2Ga(OH) and this method can economically be used for larger alkyl groups. The force field computations show that the trimeric di-t-butyl gallium(III) hydroxide is much more stable than the dimeric form which therefore must owe its existence to the association with the hydrogen-bonded macrocycle. Full article

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