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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 500; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020500

Interventional Left Atrial Appendage Closure Affects the Metabolism of Acylcarnitines

1
First Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
2
Division of Cardiology and Angiology II, University Heart Center Freiburg-Bad Krozingen, 79189 Bad Krozingen, Germany
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Background: Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) represents the interventional alternative to oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). The metabolism of acylcarnitines was shown to affect cardiovascular diseases. This study evaluates the influence of successful LAAC on the metabolism of acylcarnitines. Methods: Patients undergoing successful LAAC were enrolled prospectively. Peripheral blood samples for metabolomics measurements were collected immediately before (i.e., index) and six months after LAAC (i.e., mid-term). A targeted metabolomics analysis based on electrospray ionization–liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (ESI–LC–MS/MS) and MS/MS measurements was performed. Results: 44 patients with non-valvular AF (median CHA2DS2-VASc score 4, median HAS-BLED score 4) and successful LAAC were included. Significant changes in acylcarnitine levels were found in the total cohort, which were mainly attributed to patients with impaired left ventricular and renal function, elevated amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and diabetes mellitus. Adjusted multivariable regression models revealed significant changes of five metabolites over mid-term follow-up: C2, C14:1, C16, and C18:1 decreased significantly (each p < 0.05); short-chain C5 acylcarnitine plasma levels increased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that successful LAAC affects the metabolism of acylcarnitines at mid-term follow-up. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02985463. View Full-Text
Keywords: atrial fibrillation; left atrial appendage; left atrial appendage closure; metabolomics; acylcarnitines atrial fibrillation; left atrial appendage; left atrial appendage closure; metabolomics; acylcarnitines
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Fastner, C.; Behnes, M.; Sartorius, B.; Wenke, A.; Lang, S.; Yücel, G.; Sattler, K.; Rusnak, J.; Saleh, A.; Barth, C.; Mashayekhi, K.; Hoffmann, U.; Borggrefe, M.; Akin, I. Interventional Left Atrial Appendage Closure Affects the Metabolism of Acylcarnitines. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 500.

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