Motor, Somatosensory, Viscerosensory and Metabolic Impairments in a Heterozygous Female Rat Model of Rett Syndrome
AbstractRett Syndrome (RTT), an autism-related disorder caused by mutation of the X-linked Methyl CpG-binding Protein 2 (MECP2) gene, is characterized by severe cognitive and intellectual deficits. While cognitive deficits are well-documented in humans and rodent models, impairments of sensory, motor and metabolic functions also occur but remain poorly understood. To better understand non-cognitive deficits in RTT, we studied female rats heterozygous for Mecp2 mutation (Mecp2−/x); unlike commonly used male Mecp2−/y rodent models, this more closely approximates human RTT where males rarely survive. Mecp2−/x rats showed rapid, progressive decline of motor coordination through six months of age as assessed by rotarod performance, accompanied by deficits in gait and posture. Mecp2−/x rats were hyper-responsive to noxious pressure and cold, but showed visceral hyposensitivity when tested by colorectal distension. Mecp2−/x rats ate less, drank more, and had more body fat resulting in increased weight gain. Our findings reveal an array of progressive non-cognitive deficits in this rat model that are likely to contribute to the compromised quality of life that characterizes RTT. View Full-Text
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Bhattacherjee, A.; Winter, M.K.; Eggimann, L.S.; Mu, Y.; Gunewardena, S.; Liao, Z.; Christianson, J.A.; Smith, P.G. Motor, Somatosensory, Viscerosensory and Metabolic Impairments in a Heterozygous Female Rat Model of Rett Syndrome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 97.
Bhattacherjee A, Winter MK, Eggimann LS, Mu Y, Gunewardena S, Liao Z, Christianson JA, Smith PG. Motor, Somatosensory, Viscerosensory and Metabolic Impairments in a Heterozygous Female Rat Model of Rett Syndrome. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(1):97.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bhattacherjee, Aritra; Winter, Michelle K.; Eggimann, Linda S.; Mu, Ying; Gunewardena, Sumedha; Liao, Zhaohui; Christianson, Julie A.; Smith, Peter G. 2018. "Motor, Somatosensory, Viscerosensory and Metabolic Impairments in a Heterozygous Female Rat Model of Rett Syndrome." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 1: 97.
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