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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(9), 2003; doi:10.3390/ijms18092003

To Wnt or Lose: The Missing Non-Coding Linc in Colorectal Cancer

1
Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2
Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University/The First School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China
3
Research Unit of Non-Coding RNA and Genome Editing in Cancer, Division of Oncology, Medical University of Graz, Graz 8010, Austria
4
The Center for RNA Interference and Non-Coding RNAs, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 9 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Regulation by Non-Coding RNAs)
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Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most frequent cancer and one of the leading causes for cancer-related mortality. Aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling is an essential initiating factor in colon carcinogenesis, and a driving force of CRC progression. Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as significant players in CRC pathogenesis through diversified mechanisms. Although both Wnt signaling and lncRNAs represent interesting research areas for CRC, an effort of directly connecting these two areas is lacking. To fill in the knowledge gap, we focus on the reported findings of lncRNAs that regulate Wnt signaling or essential Wnt signaling targets. These include several newly discovered lncRNAs originated from the amplified cancer-associated chromosome 8q24 region that surrounds the essential Wnt target MYC gene, lncRNAs reported to be involved in CRC stem cells, and several individual lncRNAs connected to Wnt signaling through other mechanisms. This review will provide essential information that assists in understanding the missing link of lncRNAs to the classical Wnt signaling in CRC. View Full-Text
Keywords: Wnt; long non-coding RNA; CCAT1; CCAT2; PVT1; H19 Wnt; long non-coding RNA; CCAT1; CCAT2; PVT1; H19
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Shen, P.; Pichler, M.; Chen, M.; Calin, G.A.; Ling, H. To Wnt or Lose: The Missing Non-Coding Linc in Colorectal Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2003.

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