TrmFO, a Fibronectin-Binding Adhesin of Mycoplasma bovis
AbstractMycoplasma bovis is an important pathogenic mycoplasma, causing the cattle industry serious economic losses. Adhesion is a crucial step in the mycoplasmas’ infection and colonization process; fibronectin (Fn), an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, is a molecular bridge between the bacterial adhesins and host cell receptors. The present study was designed to characterize the Fn-binding ability of methylenetetrahydrofolate-tRNA-(uracil-5-)-methyltransferase (TrmFO) and its role in M. bovis cytoadherence. The trmFO (MBOV_RS00785) gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli BL21, and polyclonal antibodies against the recombinant TrmFO (rTrmFO) were raised in rabbits. Immunoblotting demonstrated that TrmFO was an immunogenic component, and the TrmFO expression was conserved in different M. bovis isolates. The mycoplasmacidal assay further showed that in the presence of complement, rabbit anti-recombinant TrmFO serum exhibited remarkable mycoplasmacidal efficacy. TrmFO was detected in both the M. bovis membrane and cytoplasm. By ligand dot blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) binding assay, we found that rTrmFO bound Fn in a dose-dependent manner. Immunostaining visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that rTrmFO had capacity to adhere to the embryonic bovine lung (EBL) cells. In addition, the adhesion of M. bovis and rTrmFO to EBL cells could be inhibited by anti-rTrmFO antibodies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to characterize the Fn-binding ability of TrmFO and its role in the bacterial adhesion to host cells. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 80 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Guo, Y.; Zhu, H.; Wang, J.; Huang, J.; Khan, F.A.; Zhang, J.; Guo, A.; Chen, X. TrmFO, a Fibronectin-Binding Adhesin of Mycoplasma bovis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1732.
Guo Y, Zhu H, Wang J, Huang J, Khan FA, Zhang J, Guo A, Chen X. TrmFO, a Fibronectin-Binding Adhesin of Mycoplasma bovis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1732.Chicago/Turabian Style
Guo, Yongpeng; Zhu, Hongmei; Wang, Jiayao; Huang, Jing; Khan, Farhan A.; Zhang, Jingjing; Guo, Aizhen; Chen, Xi. 2017. "TrmFO, a Fibronectin-Binding Adhesin of Mycoplasma bovis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 8: 1732.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.