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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(7), 1334; doi:10.3390/ijms18071334

Lectins from Mycelia of Basidiomycetes

Laboratory of Microbiology, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 Prospekt Entuziastov, Saratov 410049, Russia
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Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 15 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 22 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Lectins: From Model Species to Crop Plants)
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Abstract

Lectins are proteins of a nonimmunoglobulin nature that are capable of specific recognition of and reversible binding to the carbohydrate moieties of complex carbohydrates, without altering the covalent structure of any of the recognized glycosyl ligands. They have a broad range of biological activities important for the functioning of the cell and the whole organism and, owing to the high specificity of reversible binding to carbohydrates, are valuable tools used widely in biology and medicine. Lectins can be produced by many living organisms, including basidiomycetes. Whereas lectins from the fruit bodies of basidiomycetes have been studied sufficiently well, mycelial lectins remain relatively unexplored. Here, we review and comparatively analyze what is currently known about lectins isolated from the vegetative mycelium of macrobasidiomycetes, including their localization, properties, and carbohydrate specificities. Particular attention is given to the physiological role of mycelial lectins in fungal growth and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: macrobasidiomycetes; mycelial lectins; hemagglutination; fungal morphogenesis; properties and physiological functions of lectins macrobasidiomycetes; mycelial lectins; hemagglutination; fungal morphogenesis; properties and physiological functions of lectins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nikitina, V.E.; Loshchinina, E.A.; Vetchinkina, E.P. Lectins from Mycelia of Basidiomycetes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1334.

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