Gene Expression Profiling Reveals Potential Players of Left-Right Asymmetry in Female Chicken Gonads
AbstractMost female birds develop only a left ovary, whereas males develop bilateral testes. The mechanism underlying this process is still not completely understood. Here, we provide a comprehensive transcriptional analysis of female chicken gonads and identify novel candidate side-biased genes. RNA-Seq analysis was carried out on total RNA harvested from the left and right gonads on embryonic day 6 (E6), E12, and post-hatching day 1 (D1). By comparing the gene expression profiles between the left and right gonads, 347 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained on E6, 3730 were obtained on E12, and 2787 were obtained on D1. Side-specific genes were primarily derived from the autosome rather than the sex chromosome. Gene ontology and pathway analysis showed that the DEGs were most enriched in the Piwi-interactiing RNA (piRNA) metabolic process, germ plasm, chromatoid body, P granule, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, microbial metabolism in diverse environments, and methane metabolism. A total of 111 DEGs, five gene ontology (GO) terms, and three pathways were significantly different between the left and right gonads among all the development stages. We also present the gene number and the percentage within eight development-dependent expression patterns of DEGs in the left and right gonads of female chicken. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (ZIP, 19188 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Wan, Z.; Lu, Y.; Rui, L.; Yu, X.; Yang, F.; Tu, C.; Li, Z. Gene Expression Profiling Reveals Potential Players of Left-Right Asymmetry in Female Chicken Gonads. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1299.
Wan Z, Lu Y, Rui L, Yu X, Yang F, Tu C, Li Z. Gene Expression Profiling Reveals Potential Players of Left-Right Asymmetry in Female Chicken Gonads. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(6):1299.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wan, Zhiyi; Lu, Yanan; Rui, Lei; Yu, Xiaoxue; Yang, Fang; Tu, Chengfang; Li, Zandong. 2017. "Gene Expression Profiling Reveals Potential Players of Left-Right Asymmetry in Female Chicken Gonads." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 6: 1299.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.