The Ability of Extracellular Vesicles to Induce a Pro-Inflammatory Host Response
AbstractExtracellular vesicles (EVs) can modulate the host immune response, executing both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects. As EVs increasingly gain attention as potential carriers for targeted gene and drug delivery, knowledge on the effects of EVs on the host immune response is important. This review will focus on the ability of EVs to trigger a pro-inflammatory host response by activating target cells. The overall view is that EVs can augment an inflammatory response, thereby potentially contributing to organ injury. This pro-inflammatory potential of EVs may hamper its use for therapeutic drug delivery. Whether removal of EVs as a means to reduce a pro-inflammatory or pro-coagulant response during hyper-inflammatory conditions is beneficial remains to be determined. Prior to any proposed therapeutic application, there is a need for further studies on the role of EVs in physiology and pathophysiology using improved detection and characterization methods to elucidate the roles of EVs in inflammatory conditions. View Full-Text
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van Hezel, M.E.; Nieuwland, R.; van Bruggen, R.; Juffermans, N.P. The Ability of Extracellular Vesicles to Induce a Pro-Inflammatory Host Response. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1285.
van Hezel ME, Nieuwland R, van Bruggen R, Juffermans NP. The Ability of Extracellular Vesicles to Induce a Pro-Inflammatory Host Response. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(6):1285.Chicago/Turabian Style
van Hezel, Maike E.; Nieuwland, Rienk; van Bruggen, Robin; Juffermans, Nicole P. 2017. "The Ability of Extracellular Vesicles to Induce a Pro-Inflammatory Host Response." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 6: 1285.