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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(5), 964; doi:10.3390/ijms18050964

Nimodipine but Not Nifedipine Promotes Expression of Fatty Acid 2-Hydroxylase in a Surgical Stress Model Based on Neuro2a Cells

Department of Neurosurgery, Martin-Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany
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Academic Editor: Katalin Prokai-Tatrai
Received: 28 March 2017 / Revised: 20 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroprotective Strategies 2017)
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Abstract

Nimodipine is well characterized for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and has been shown to promote a better outcome and less delayed ischemic neurological deficits. Animal and clinical trials show neuroprotective efficacy following nerve injuries. We showed a neuroprotective effect on Neuro2a cells. Subsequent microarray analysis revealed—among others—fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H) upregulated by nimodipine in vitro, which is a component of myelin synthesis. Differentiated Neuro2a cells were analyzed for nimodipine-mediated survival considering stress treatment in comparison to nifedipine-treatment. Cell survival was determined by measurement of LDH activity in the culture medium. Nimodipine decreased surgery-like stress-induced cell death of differentiated Neuro2a cells. Neuro2a cell culture was analyzed for changes in FA2H expression induced by nimodipine or nifedipine in surgery-like stress conditions. We analyzed expression levels of FA2H mRNA and protein by qPCR using fa2h specific primers or a FA2H-specific antibody in nimodipine or nifedipine non- and pre-treated Neuro2a cell culture, respectively. Nimodipine but not nifedipine increases FA2H protein levels and also significantly increases mRNA levels of FA2H in both undifferentiated and differentiated Neuro2a cells. Our findings indicate that higher expression of FA2H induced by nimodipine may cause higher survival of Neuro2a cells stressed with surgery-like stressors. View Full-Text
Keywords: nimodipine; nifedipine; neuroprotection; Neuro2a; stress; FA2H; myelin nimodipine; nifedipine; neuroprotection; Neuro2a; stress; FA2H; myelin
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Herzfeld, E.; Speh, L.; Strauss, C.; Scheller, C. Nimodipine but Not Nifedipine Promotes Expression of Fatty Acid 2-Hydroxylase in a Surgical Stress Model Based on Neuro2a Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 964.

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