The 1-Tosylpentan-3-one Protects against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Neurotoxicity
AbstractPrevious studies have demonstrated that the marine compound austrasulfone, isolated from the soft coral Cladiella australis, exerts a neuroprotective effect. The intermediate product in the synthesis of austrasulfone, dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol, attenuates several inflammatory responses. The present study uses in vitro and in vivo methods to investigate the neuroprotective effect of dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol-modified 1-tosylpentan-3-one (1T3O). Results from in vitro experiments show that 1T3O effectively inhibits 6-hydroxydopamine-induced (6-OHDA-induced) activation of both p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and caspase-3 in SH-SY5Y cells; and enhances nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression via phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling. Hoechst staining and Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining results reveal that 1T3O significantly inhibits 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis. In addition, the addition of an Akt or HO-1 inhibitor decreases the protective effect of 1T3O. Thus, we hypothesize that the anti-apoptotic activity of 1T3O in neuronal cells is mediated through the regulation of the Akt and HO-1 signaling pathways. In vivo experiments show that 1T3O can reverse 6-OHDA-induced reduction in locomotor behavior ability in zebrafish larvae, and inhibit 6-OHDA-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) increase at the same time. According to our in vitro and in vivo results, we consider that 1T3O exerts its anti-apoptotic activities at SH-SY5Y cells after 6-OHDA challenges, probably via the regulation of anti-oxidative signaling pathways. Therefore, this compound may be a promising therapeutic agent for neurodegenerations. View Full-Text
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Kao, C.-J.; Chen, W.-F.; Guo, B.-L.; Feng, C.-W.; Hung, H.-C.; Yang, W.-Y.; Sung, C.-S.; Tsui, K.-H.; Chu, H.; Chen, N.-F.; Wen, Z.-H. The 1-Tosylpentan-3-one Protects against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Neurotoxicity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1096.
Kao C-J, Chen W-F, Guo B-L, Feng C-W, Hung H-C, Yang W-Y, Sung C-S, Tsui K-H, Chu H, Chen N-F, Wen Z-H. The 1-Tosylpentan-3-one Protects against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Neurotoxicity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(5):1096.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kao, Chien-Jen; Chen, Wu-Fu; Guo, Bo-Lin; Feng, Chien-Wei; Hung, Han-Chun; Yang, Wen-Ya; Sung, Chun-Sung; Tsui, Kuan-Hao; Chu, Hsin; Chen, Nan-Fu; Wen, Zhi-Hong. 2017. "The 1-Tosylpentan-3-one Protects against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Neurotoxicity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 5: 1096.
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