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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(4), 733; doi:10.3390/ijms18040733

Theranostic Biomarkers for Schizophrenia

1
Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Division of Molecular Medicine, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Clinic for Psychiatry Vrapce, 10090 Zagreb, Croatia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yong-Ku Kim
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 23 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 30 March 2017
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Abstract

Schizophrenia is a highly heritable, chronic, severe, disabling neurodevelopmental brain disorder with a heterogeneous genetic and neurobiological background, which is still poorly understood. To allow better diagnostic procedures and therapeutic strategies in schizophrenia patients, use of easy accessible biomarkers is suggested. The most frequently used biomarkers in schizophrenia are those associated with the neuroimmune and neuroendocrine system, metabolism, different neurotransmitter systems and neurotrophic factors. However, there are still no validated and reliable biomarkers in clinical use for schizophrenia. This review will address potential biomarkers in schizophrenia. It will discuss biomarkers in schizophrenia and propose the use of specific blood-based panels that will include a set of markers associated with immune processes, metabolic disorders, and neuroendocrine/neurotrophin/neurotransmitter alterations. The combination of different markers, or complex multi-marker panels, might help in the discrimination of patients with different underlying pathologies and in the better classification of the more homogenous groups. Therefore, the development of the diagnostic, prognostic and theranostic biomarkers is an urgent and an unmet need in psychiatry, with the aim of improving diagnosis, therapy monitoring, prediction of treatment outcome and focus on the personal medicine approach in order to improve the quality of life in patients with schizophrenia and decrease health costs worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: schizophrenia; biomarkers; diagnostic; prognostic and theranostic biomarkers; inflammatory; stress-related; metabolic; neurotrophic and neurotransmitter biomarkers schizophrenia; biomarkers; diagnostic; prognostic and theranostic biomarkers; inflammatory; stress-related; metabolic; neurotrophic and neurotransmitter biomarkers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Perkovic, M.N.; Erjavec, G.N.; Strac, D.S.; Uzun, S.; Kozumplik, O.; Pivac, N. Theranostic Biomarkers for Schizophrenia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 733.

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