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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(2), 419; doi:10.3390/ijms18020419

Antimicrobial Treatment of Polymeric Medical Devices by Silver Nanomaterials and Related Technology

1
Department of Solid State Engineering, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Prague 166 28, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Hydrobiology, Biology Centre of the AS CR, Ceske Budejovice 370 05, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonella Piozzi and Iolanda Francolini
Received: 8 December 2016 / Revised: 8 February 2017 / Accepted: 9 February 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Polymers 2016)
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Abstract

Antimicrobial biocompatible polymers form a group of highly desirable materials in medicinal technology that exhibit interesting thermal and mechanical properties, and high chemical resistance. There are numerous types of polymers with antimicrobial activity or antimicrobial properties conferred through their proper modification. In this review, we focus on the second type of polymers, especially those whose antimicrobial activity is conferred by nanotechnology. Nanotechnology processing is a developing area that exploits the antibacterial effects of broad-scale compounds, both organic and inorganic, to form value-added medical devices. This work gives an overview of nanostructured antimicrobial agents, especially silver ones, used together with biocompatible polymers as effective antimicrobial composites in healthcare. The bactericidal properties of non-conventional antimicrobial agents are compared with those of conventional ones and the advantages and disadvantages are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobials; medical devices; nanostructures; polymers; modification; biocompatibility antimicrobials; medical devices; nanostructures; polymers; modification; biocompatibility
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Polívková, M.; Hubáček, T.; Staszek, M.; Švorčík, V.; Siegel, J. Antimicrobial Treatment of Polymeric Medical Devices by Silver Nanomaterials and Related Technology. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 419.

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