Reduced SHARPIN and LUBAC Formation May Contribute to CCl4- or Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Mice
AbstractLinear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), composed of SHARPIN (SHANK-associated RH domain-interacting protein), HOIL-1L (longer isoform of heme-oxidized iron-regulatory protein 2 ubiquitin ligase-1), and HOIP (HOIL-1L interacting protein), forms linear ubiquitin on nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) essential modulator (NEMO) and induces NF-κB pathway activation. SHARPIN expression and LUBAC formation were significantly reduced in the livers of mice 24 h after the injection of either carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or acetaminophen (APAP), both of which produced the fulminant hepatitis phenotype. To elucidate its pathological significance, hepatic SHARPIN expression was suppressed in mice by injecting shRNA adenovirus via the tail vein. Seven days after this transduction, without additional inflammatory stimuli, substantial inflammation and fibrosis with enhanced hepatocyte apoptosis occurred in the livers. A similar but more severe phenotype was observed with suppression of HOIP, which is responsible for the E3 ligase activity of LUBAC. Furthermore, in good agreement with these in vivo results, transduction of Hepa1-6 hepatoma cells with SHARPIN, HOIL-1L, or HOIP shRNA adenovirus induced apoptosis of these cells in response to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulation. Thus, LUBAC is essential for the survival of hepatocytes, and it is likely that reduction of LUBAC is a factor promoting hepatocyte death in addition to the direct effect of drug toxicity. View Full-Text
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Yamamotoya, T.; Nakatsu, Y.; Matsunaga, Y.; Fukushima, T.; Yamazaki, H.; Kaneko, S.; Fujishiro, M.; Kikuchi, T.; Kushiyama, A.; Tokunaga, F.; Asano, T.; Sakoda, H. Reduced SHARPIN and LUBAC Formation May Contribute to CCl4- or Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 326.
Yamamotoya T, Nakatsu Y, Matsunaga Y, Fukushima T, Yamazaki H, Kaneko S, Fujishiro M, Kikuchi T, Kushiyama A, Tokunaga F, Asano T, Sakoda H. Reduced SHARPIN and LUBAC Formation May Contribute to CCl4- or Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(2):326.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yamamotoya, Takeshi; Nakatsu, Yusuke; Matsunaga, Yasuka; Fukushima, Toshiaki; Yamazaki, Hiroki; Kaneko, Sunao; Fujishiro, Midori; Kikuchi, Takako; Kushiyama, Akifumi; Tokunaga, Fuminori; Asano, Tomoichiro; Sakoda, Hideyuki. 2017. "Reduced SHARPIN and LUBAC Formation May Contribute to CCl4- or Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 2: 326.
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