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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(11), 2377; doi:10.3390/ijms18112377

Functional Characterization of Waterlogging and Heat Stresses Tolerance Gene Pyruvate decarboxylase 2 from Actinidia deliciosa

Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
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Received: 12 October 2017 / Revised: 2 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress and Gene Networks in Plants 2017)
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Abstract

A previous report showed that both Pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC) genes were significantly upregulated in kiwifruit after waterlogging treatment using Illumina sequencing technology, and that the kiwifruit AdPDC1 gene was required during waterlogging, but might not be required during other environmental stresses. Here, the function of another PDC gene, named AdPDC2, was analyzed. The expression of the AdPDC2 gene was determined using qRT-PCR, and the results showed that the expression levels of AdPDC2 in the reproductive organs were much higher than those in the nutritive organs. Waterlogging, NaCl, and heat could induce the expression of AdPDC2. Overexpression of kiwifruit AdPDC2 in transgenic Arabidopsis enhanced resistance to waterlogging and heat stresses in five-week-old seedlings, but could not enhance resistance to NaCl and mannitol stresses at the seed germination stage and in early seedlings. These results suggested that the kiwifruit AdPDC2 gene may play an important role in waterlogging resistance and heat stresses in kiwifruit. View Full-Text
Keywords: kiwifruit; Pyruvate decarboxylase 2 gene; waterlogging; heat stress; transgenic plants; environmental stresses kiwifruit; Pyruvate decarboxylase 2 gene; waterlogging; heat stress; transgenic plants; environmental stresses
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Luo, H.-T.; Zhang, J.-Y.; Wang, G.; Jia, Z.-H.; Huang, S.-N.; Wang, T.; Guo, Z.-R. Functional Characterization of Waterlogging and Heat Stresses Tolerance Gene Pyruvate decarboxylase 2 from Actinidia deliciosa. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2377.

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