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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(11), 2378; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18112378

Alteration of Vascular Responsiveness to Uridine Adenosine Tetraphosphate in Aortas Isolated from Male Diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats: The Involvement of Prostanoids

Department of Physiology and Morphology, Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan
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Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 8 November 2017 / Accepted: 8 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
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Abstract

We investigated whether responsiveness to dinucleotide uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A) was altered in aortas from type 2 diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats compared with those from age-matched control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats at the chronic stage of disease. In OLETF aortas, we observed the following: (1) Up4A-induced contractions were lower than those in the LETO aortas under basal conditions, (2) slight relaxation occurred due to Up4A, but this was not observed in phenylephrine-precontracted LETO aortas, (3) acetylcholine-induced relaxation was reduced (vs. LETO), and (4) prostanoid release (prostaglandin (PG)F, thromboxane (Tx)A2 metabolite, and PGE2) due to Up4A was decreased (vs. LETO). Endothelial denudation suppressed Up4A-induced contractions in the LETO group, but increased the contractions in the OLETF group. Under nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition, Up4A induced contractions in phenylephrine-precontracted aortas; this effect was greater in the LETO group (vs. the OLETF group). The relaxation response induced by Up4A was unmasked by cyclooxygenase inhibitors, especially in the LETO group, but this effect was abolished by NOS inhibition. These results suggest that the relaxant component of the Up4A-mediated response was masked by prostanoids in the LETO aortas and that the LETO and OLETF rats presented different contributions of the endothelium to the response. View Full-Text
Keywords: aorta; contraction; prostanoid; relaxation; type 2 diabetes; Up4A aorta; contraction; prostanoid; relaxation; type 2 diabetes; Up4A
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Matsumoto, T.; Kobayashi, S.; Ando, M.; Iguchi, M.; Takayanagi, K.; Kojima, M.; Taguchi, K.; Kobayashi, T. Alteration of Vascular Responsiveness to Uridine Adenosine Tetraphosphate in Aortas Isolated from Male Diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats: The Involvement of Prostanoids. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2378.

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