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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(10), 2175; doi:10.3390/ijms18102175

Magnetic Fields and Reactive Oxygen Species

High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
Key Laboratory of High Magnetic Field and Ion Beam Physical Biology, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 30 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 18 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) ubiquitously exist in mammalian cells to participate in various cellular signaling pathways. The intracellular ROS levels are dependent on the dynamic balance between ROS generation and elimination. In this review, we summarize reported studies about the influences of magnetic fields (MFs) on ROS levels. Although in most cases, MFs increased ROS levels in human, mouse, rat cells, and tissues, there are also studies showing that ROS levels were decreased or not affected by MFs. Multiple factors could cause these discrepancies, including but not limited to MF type/intensity/frequency, exposure time and assay time-point, as well as different biological samples examined. It will be necessary to investigate the influences of different MFs on ROS in various biological samples systematically and mechanistically, which will be helpful for people to get a more complete understanding about MF-induced biological effects. In addition, reviewing the roles of MFs in ROS modulation may open up new scenarios of MF application, which could be further and more widely adopted into clinical applications, particularly in diseases that ROS have documented pathophysiological roles. View Full-Text
Keywords: reactive oxygen species (ROS); magnetic field (MF); static magnetic field (SMF); extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF); radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) reactive oxygen species (ROS); magnetic field (MF); static magnetic field (SMF); extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF); radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR)

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, H.; Zhang, X. Magnetic Fields and Reactive Oxygen Species. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2175.

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